Your baby will be checked for jaundice within 72 hours of being born during the newborn physical examination.
However, you should keep an eye out for signs of the condition after you return home as it can sometimes take up to a week to appear.
When you're at home with your baby, you should look out for yellowing of their skin or the whites of their eyes. Gently pressing your fingers on the tip of their nose or on their forehead can make it easier for you to spot any yellowing.
You should also check your baby's urine and poo. Your baby may have jaundice if their urine is yellow (a newborn baby's urine should be colourless) or their poo is pale.
You should speak to your midwife, health visitor or GP as soon as possible if you think your baby may have jaundice. Tests will need to be carried out to determine whether any treatment is necessary.
Read more about the symptoms of jaundice in babies.
A visual examination of your baby will be carried out to look for signs of jaundice. Your baby needs to be undressed during this so their skin can be looked at under good – preferably natural – light.
Other things that may also be checked include:
- the whites of your baby's eyes
- your baby's gums
- the colour of your baby's urine or poo
If it's thought your baby has jaundice, the level of bilirubin in their blood will need to be tested. This can be done using:
- a small device called a bilirubinometer, which beams light on to your baby's skin – it calculates the level of bilirubin by analysing how the light reflects off or is absorbed by the skin
- a blood test of a sample of blood taken by pricking your baby's heel with a needle – the level of bilirubin in the liquid part of the blood (the serum) is then measured
In most cases, a bilirubinometer is used to check for jaundice in babies. Blood tests are usually only necessary if your baby developed jaundice within 24 hours of birth or the reading is particularly high.
The level of bilirubin detected in your baby's blood is used to decide whether any treatment is necessary.
Read more about treating jaundice in babies.
Further blood tests may need to be carried out if your baby's jaundice lasts longer than two weeks or treatment is needed. The blood is analysed to determine:
- the baby's blood group – this is to see if it's incompatible with the mother's
- whether any antibodies (infection-fighting proteins) are attached to the baby's red blood cells
- the number of cells in the baby's blood
- whether there's any infection
- whether there's an enzyme deficiency
These tests help determine whether there's another underlying cause for the raised levels of bilirubin.